The Political Compass ™ Iconochasms

KNOW YOUR HEROES, HEROINES - AND HISTORY.

Hopefully, you're happy with the personalities that The Political Compass has placed you closest to; but how well do you really know the famous figures that you love or love to hate?

This little wrap-up quiz offers some important facts that were barely, if ever, reported. It may raise your eyebrows and adjust the pedestals on which you placed some of your favourite icons. The chasm may be greater than you'd imagined.
Click in the checkboxes to reveal the answers ...
 
1. Who wrote of the "impeccable economic logic" of dumping the west's "health impairing" toxic waste in "under polluted" Africa, because the resultant cancers wouldn't have time to develop in a population with such a low life expectancy ?

Lawrence Summers
Ralph Nader
Robert Redford
Hillary Clinton
Lawrence Summers, as Chief Econonomist for the World Bank, in a leaked memo, December 12,1991. Brazil's Environment Minister, Jose Lutzenburger, wrote to Summers that his proposal was "perfectly logical but totally insane". Lutzenburger was fired for writing the letter. Summers went on to greater things, initially as Treasury Secretary in the final 18 months of the Clinton administration, and now as Barak Obama's Chair of the National Economic Council.

2. Who wrote:
When the Know-Nothings get control, it [the Declaration of Independence] will read: "All men are created equal except negroes, foreigners and Catholics." When it comes to this I should prefer emigrating to some country where they make no pretense of loving liberty -- to Russia, for instance, where despotism can be taken pure, and without the base alloy of hypocrisy ?

Jerry Fallwell
Abraham Lincoln
John F. Kennedy
Newt Gingrich
Abraham Lincoln, letter to Joshua F Speed, August 24, 1855, from Albert J Menendez and Edd Doerr The Great Quotations on Religious Freedom

3. Who in 1997 championed the privatisation of California's National Oil Reserve, and the subsequent drilling by Occidental that resulted in serious environmental damage, destruction to a sacred Indian burial ground and a windfall for his family trust's Occidental stocks? (Occidental also put a pipeline through the Colombian rain forest.)
Robert Redford
Al Gore
Ralph Nader
David Cobb
Al Gore, as US Vice President

4. Who described the UK's decision to join the US invasion of Iraq as in the British national economic interest ?
Eric Hobsbawm
David Hare
Gordon Brown
Glenda Jackson
Gordon Brown in The Scotsman, 4 May 2005 p.4

5. Who said I have a horrible feeling that we are sinking into a police state ?
George Churchill-Coleman, former head of Scotland Yard's anti-terrorist squad
William E.Colby, former Director of the C.I.A.
Joe Clark, former Prime Minister of Canada
Margaret Thatcher, former Prime Minister of the U.K

George Churchill-Coleman on the U.K., reported in The Guardian January 28, 2005

6. Which US Republican president wrote this ?

Should any political party attempt to abolish social security, unemployment insurance, and eliminate labor laws and farm programs, you would not hear of that party again in our political history. There is a tiny splinter group, of course, that believes you can do these things. Among them are H. L. Hunt (you possibly know his background), a few other Texas oil millionaires, and an occasional politician or business man from other areas. Their number is negligible and they are stupid.
Dwight D.Eisenhower
Richard Nixon
George Bush Snr
Gerald Ford

President Dwight D. Eisenhower , in a letter to his brother Edgar on November 8, 1954


7. Who, commenting on the deaths of more than half a million children, said I think that this is a very hard choice, but the price - we think the price is worth it ?
Yasser Arafat
Madeleine Albright
Pandit Nehru
Ayotollah Kohmeini
Madeleine Albright, as US Ambassador to the United Nations, on the 60 Minutes TV programme, 12 May, 1996

8. Who said that the introduction of nuclear power will both provide for the growing needs of Iran's economy and free remaining oil reserves for export or conversion to petrochemicals ?
Henry Kissinger
Dick Cheney
Paul Wolfowitz
Donald Rumsfeld
Henry Kissinger , as Secretary of State in the Ford administration, 1976. Nevertheless the other three all held key national security posts in the same administration, which endorsed Iranian plans for a massive nuclear energy industry. Further, it encouraged a multi-billion dollar deal that would have allowed Iran control of enormous amounts of plutonium and enriched uranium.

9. Who signed legislation permitting doctors to remove the life support system of patients in a persistent vegetative state, regardless of the wishes of the family ?
George W.Bush
Ronald Reagan
Jesse Helms
Jeb Bush
George W.Bush, as Governor of Texas in 1999 George W. Bush

10. Who
(1) worked for Senator McCarthy during his red witch hunts and
(2) permitted J.Edgar Hoover to wiretap Martin Luther King ?
J.K. Galbraith
Robert Kennedy
George McGovern
Ted Kennedy
Robert Kennedy
(1) as McCarthy's Junior Counsel and
(2) as Attorney General

11. These so-called ill-treatments and torturing in concentration camps, stories of which were spread everywhere amongst the people, and particularly by detainees who were liberated by the occupying armies, were not, as assumed, inflicted methodically, but by individual leaders, sub-leaders , and men who laid violent hands on them.

Who made that statement ?
John Ashcroft, referring to Abu Graib
Donald Rumsfeld, referring to Guantanamo Bay
Rudolf Höss, referring to Auschwitz
Emperor Hirohito, referring to Manchuria
Rudolf Höss, Commandant of Auschwitz until 1943, in his post-war testimony

12. Who proposed that
Whosoever shall be guilty of rape, polygamy, or sodomy with a man or woman, shall be punished; if a man, by castration, a woman, by boring through the cartilage of her nose a hole of one half inch in diameter at the least ?
Oliver Cromwell
Thomas Jefferson
Mao Tse Tung
Christopher Columbus
Thomas Jefferson, in the Virginia Bill number 64, 18 June 1779

13. Who held that spiritual characteristics are tied to skin colour and that non-white skin colour is a sign of spiritual defects that would be expunged in a future race war ?
Rudolf Hess
Rudolf Steiner
Rudolf Valentino
Rudolf Nureyev
Rudolf Steiner, in a lecture to an anthroposophist audience in Stuttgart, 1915
The lecture is in Die geistigen Hintergründe des Ersten Weltkrieges, Dornach 1974 pp30-54

14. Who said
Short of changing human nature, therefore, the only way to achieve a practical, livable peace in a world of competing nations is to take the profit out of war ?
Henry Kissinger
Lyndon Johnson
Richard Nixon
Ronald Reagan
Richard Nixon Real Peace 1983

15. Who wrote in 1928 that
It may be shrewdly forecast that no man will exhibit dimensions of permanent greatness equal to Mussolini ?
The Vatican Ambassador to Germany
The US Ambassador to Italy
The Soviet Union Ambassador to the League of Nations
The UK Ambassador to Italy
US Ambassador to Italy, Richard Washburn Child, in his preface to Mussolini's autobiography

16. Immediately following the German invasion of the USSR, which future US President said the following ?
If we see that Germany is winning, we ought to help Russia, and if Russia is winning we ought to help Germany, and that way we let them kill as many as possible.
Harry Truman
Richard Nixon
Jimmy Carter
John Kennedy
Harry Truman, New York Times, June 24 1941

17. Who said Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed; those who are cold and are not clothed ?
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Dwight D.Eisenhower
John Major
Jimmy Carter
President Dwight D.Eisenhower, in The Chance for Peace, a speech given to the American Society of Newspaper Editors on April 16 1953

18. Who said I do not find in our particular superstition of Christianity one redeeming feature.....Millions of innocent men, women and children, since the introduction of Christianity, have been burned, tortured, fined and imprisoned. What has been the effect of this coercion?To make half the world fools and half hypocrites; to support roguery and error all over the world. ?
Hillary Clinton
Thomas Edison
Charles de Gaulle
Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson, in his Notes on Virginia

19. Who said Japan was already defeated ... dropping the bomb was completely unnecessary. I thought that our country should avoid shocking world opinion by the use of a weapon whose employment was no longer necessary to save American lives ?
General Patton
General Eisenhower
General MacArthur
Charles Lindberg
General Dwight D.Eisenhower, Supreme Allied Commander, Europe, and later US President, in The White House Years:Mandate for Change 1953-1956: A Personal Account (1963) p.312-313

20. Who accepted the Grand Cross of the German Eagle - the highest medal that Nazi Germany could bestow on foreigners - in July 1938, four months after the German annexation of Austria ?
J. D. Rockefeller
Henry Ford
King Haakon VII of Norway
Marlene Dietrich
Henry Ford. (The following month a senior executive of General Motors, James Mooney, received a similar medal for his "distinguished services to the Reich".)

21. With reference to Tiger Woods' first Golf Masters win, who said there'll be a spectacular increase in the number of black boys (and I do mean boys - teenagers) who begin to infest the public courses in America ?
O. J. Simpson
Alistair Cooke
Mel Gibson
Naomi Klein
Alistair Cooke in his BBC Letter from America, May 2, 1997

22. Who presented Chairman Mao Tse Tung with a bouquet of poems that lavishly praised the Chinese leader as the timely rain to nourish the land ?
Nancy Reagan
The Dalai Lama
Pope John XXIII
Robert Frost
The Dalai Lama, on his first meeting with Mao in Beijing (then Peking) in 1954

23. Who blocked the marriage of his son and disowned him, commenting How can I, who has always advocated renunciation of sex, encourage you to gratify it ?
(The son subsequently became a homeless alcoholic.)
Gautama Buddha
Martin Luther King
Albert Schweitzer
Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi, dealing with his son Harilal.

24. Which founding father said of the proposed American Constitution This is likely to be administered for a course of years and then end in despotism ... when the people shall become so corrupted as to need despotic government, being incapable of any other ?
Benjamin Franklin
Alexander Hamilton
Thomas Paine
George Washington
Benjamin Franklin in a speech to delegates to the US Constitutional Convention prior to the final vote, on 17 September 1787.

25. Who said The use of quantity of money as a target has not been a success. I'm not sure that I would as of today push it as hard as I once did. ?
Margaret Thatcher
Milton Friedman
Ludwig von Mises
Friedrich Hayek
Milton Friedman in Financial Times (UK) June 7, 2003 Milton Friedman

26. Who said of Saddam Hussein He has not developed any significant capability with respect to weapons of mass destruction. He is unable to project conventional power against his neighbours ?
Colin Powell
Donald Rumsfeld
Dick Cheney
Bill Clinton
Colin Powell in February 2001

27. Who said of containment against Saddam Hussein We are able to keep arms from him. His military forces have not been rebuilt ?
Richard Perle
John Bolton
Paul Wolfovitz
Condoleezza Rice
Condoleezza Rice in July 2001

28. Who said : I do not consider Hitler to be as bad as he is depicted. He is showing an ability that is amazing and seems to be gaining his victories without much bloodshed ?
Winston Churchill
Albert Einstein
Mahatma Gandhi
George Orwell
Mahatma Gandhi, May 1940 Mahatma Gandhi

29. Who said : I am strongly in favour of using poisonous gas against uncivilised tribes ... to spread a lively terror ?
Albert Schweizer
Winston Churchill
Princess Diana
Ché Guevara
Winston Churchill, writing as President of the Air Council, in 1919 Winston Churchill
30. Who granted several audiences to, and received a donation of more than $1 million from Shoko Asahara, leader of the Supreme Truth cult of Japan, and spreader of sarin gas in the Tokyo subway ?
The Dalai Lama
Pope John Paul II
George Carey, as Archbishop of Canterbury
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
The Dalai Lama, in 1982

31. Which politician travelled to Indonesia and received a $10 million donation from dictator Suharto to help party funds, while avoiding criticism of Indonesia's repressive policies, including political imprisonment ?
Margaret Thatcher
Fidel Castro
Nelson Mandela
Tony Blair
Nelson Mandela, in October 1990, six months after his own release from prison Nelson Mandela

32. Who warned of the acquisition of unwarranted influence by the US military-industrial complex and its potential to endanger liberties and the democratic processes ?
General Alexander Haig
President, General Dwight Eisenhower
Nelson Rockefeller
J. Edgar Hoover
President Eisenhower, in his Final Address to the Nation, January 17, 1961

33. With reference to World War One, who said : If our country were defeated, I hope we should find a champion as admirable (as Hitler) to restore our courage and lead us back to our place among the nations ?
General Montgomery
Winston Churchill
King George VI
Bertrand Russell
Winston Churchill, in his Great Contemporaries, 1937
34. Who was an enthusiastic and uncritical guest of the dictatorships of Haiti and Albania, and the phalangists in Lebanon ?
Jane Fonda
Mother Teresa of Calcutta
Princess Diana
The Dalai Lama
Mother Teresa of Calcutta

35. Who referred to the Munich chapter of the German Communist Party as chaotic, filthy and full of Jews ?
Edward VIII, later Duke of Windsor
Eugenio Pacelli, later Pope Pius XII
Cassius Clay, later Mohammed Ali
Michael Ramsay, later Archbishop of Canterbury
Eugenio Pacelli, later Pope Pius XII
quoted in Hitler's Pope by John Cornwell, Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, and Senior Research fellow at Jesus College, Cambridge, UK

36. With reference to the US conquest and annexation of a third of Mexico, who said : What has miserable, inefficient Mexico to do with the great mission of peopling the New World with a noble race ?
Walt Whitman
Mark Twain
Henry Thoreau
Edgar Allan Poe
Walt Whitman

37. Who urged suspicious attention to any proposed new law or regulation that comes from businessmen, because they have generally an interest to deceive and even to oppress the public ?
Henry Ford
Bill Gates
Adam Smith
Milton Friedman
Adam Smith in The Wealth of Nations
Adam Smith

38. Who wrote of God: He says naïvely, outspokenly and without suggestion of embarrassment "I, the Lord thy God, am a jealous God."
It is only another way of saying "I, the Lord thy God, am a small God; fretful about small things"
?
Billy Graham
General Patton
Mark Twain
Jerry Springer
Mark Twain, in Letters from the Earth

39. Who declared homosexuality to be immoral and disgusting ?
Emma Goldman
Germaine Greer
Eleanor Roosevelt
Ayn Rand
Ayn Rand, at her Ford Hall appearance, 1971 Ayn Rand


40. Who said this ?
To occupy Iraq would instantly shatter our coalition, turning the whole Arab world against us and make a broken tyrant into a latter-day hero ... assigning young soldiers to a fruitless hunt for a securely entrenched dictator and condemning them to fight in what would be an un-winnable urban guerilla war. It could only plunge that part of the world into even greater instability.
Tony Blair
George Bush Snr
Henry Kissinger
Charlton Heston
George Bush Snr, in A World Transformed, 1998


41. Who paid an official visit to China, described Beijing as ghastly and warned a group of foreign students If you stay here much longer, you'll all be slitty-eyed ?
Ronald Reagan
The Duke of Edinburgh
Jacques Chirac
Richard Branson
The Duke of Edinburgh, 1986


42. Who demonised Jews and urged the destruction of their synagogues and houses, the seizing of their valuables and the denial of their prayer books and passports ?
Martin Luther
Thomas Paine
St. Francis
Oliver Cromwell
Martin Luther, in his 1543 pamphlet Concerning the Jews and their Lies



43. Who expressed humanitarian abhorrence of the death penalty, declaring that to kill a man in a paroxysm of passion is understandable, but to have him killed by someone else after calm and serious meditation and on the pretext of duty honourably discharged is incomprehensible ?
Ivan the Terrible
The Marquis deSade
Rasputin
Benito Mussolini
The Marquis deSade

44. Who, commenting on World War Two, said: The Jews should have offered themselves to the butcher's knife. They should have thrown themselves into the sea from cliffs ?
Mahatma Gandhi
Leonard Cohen
Nelson Mandela
John Lennon
Mahatma Gandhi, on absolute non-violence, speaking to biographer Louis Fisher in June 1946.

45. Which country elected a World War II fascist war criminal (Class A) as a peacetime leader ?
Germany
Japan
Italy
Croatia
Japan: Tojo cabinet minister Nobusuke Kishi became Prime Minister in 1957, eight years after his release from prison.

46. Which faith still requires its ministers/priests to condone capital punishment ?
Tibetan Buddhist
Church of England
Roman Catholic
Unitarian
Church of England. Its 37th Article, to which all priests assent, holds that the Laws of the Realm may punish Christian men with death, for heinous and grevious offences.

47. Who described Benito Mussolini as that admirable Italian gentleman ?
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Ernest Hemingway
Dorothy Parker
Humphrey Bogart
Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933

48. Which faith organisation warned that

the acquisition and practice of music is unfavourable to the health of the soul ?
Unitarians
Buddhists
Quakers
Jains

Quakers, at their UK Yearly Meeting , 1846
49. The pro- fascist leaders of which company joined the DuPont family in plotting a military coup against President F.D.Roosevelt in 1933 ?
US Steel
Remington Arms
J.P.Morgan
Standard Oil
All of them !

All of them. Twice decorated Major General Smedley Butler testified before the McCormack Dickstein Congressional Committee in 1934 that a cabal of pro-fascist and pro-national socialist Wall Street financiers had approached him to lead the coup. The Committee confirmed Butler's testimony, but deleted extensive excerpts from their report relating to the above and other corporations.